On Tue, Jul 25, 2017 at 2:09 AM, Panicz Maciej Godek <xxxxxx@gmail.com> wrote:
I did trace the suggestions for using _ instead of <>, but I failed to find any rationale for preferring <> over _ -- neither in the SRFI itself,
nor in the discussion archive.

You're right that there's no trace why '_' is dropped over '<>'.  I don't recall why either.
I do have one reason though.  I frequently use '_' as an argument in lambda list when I don't care what is passed, e.g. (map (lambda (_) #t) lis).   But inside such functions I won't be able to use (is _ < x) for the '_' here won't match the literal '_'. 
It isn't a showstopper; after all, It can happen for any other literal macro keywords such as else or =>.  We do need to consider the convention, though.  It's less frequent that someone accidentally use <> as a parameter variable.

If we go with '_' as a placeholder, a better future direction would be to establish a convention to use _ as a syntactic keyword to show don't care argument in the lambda list.  E.g. make (lambda (x _ _) something) valid if you only use the first argument.  Then, as far as srfi-156 definition imports the same syntactic keywords, shadowing won't be a problem.

We don't need to include such an extension in this srfi, but mentioning it somewhere would help future srfis.