Re: maybe-ref and either-ref: default value of failure Marc Nieper-Wißkirchen 04 Jun 2020 07:40 UTC

Am Do., 4. Juni 2020 um 07:00 Uhr schrieb Shiro Kawai <>:
> Correction - failure of either-ref does take arguments.    But 'raise' only works if Left has only one argument (and although you usually store some kind of mssage there, it doesn't look very useful to raise that message alone---but that's a different story.)

I think that the behavior specified in Draft #5 is the correct one.
`raise' usually takes some kind of error object (e.g. one that is
raised by the `error' procedure), whose payload can be a message and a
list of irritants. If the Either monad is used for this purpose
(regular values on the right-hand side vs an error condition on the
left-hand side), you would store the error object to be eventually
raised (or otherwise handled) in the left-hand side.

But the Either monad is more general than this.  In some use cases, it
makes sense to view the right and left cases symmetrically. In that
case, the default `failure' argument may not be helpful but that's no
problem because you can always provide your own one.

Furthermore, from the evaluation model of Scheme, `raise' could easily
take multiple values (as raising an error can be viewed of exiting a
procedure through a special continuation). I don't know a Scheme yet
that implements it this way, but it is certainly possible (and there
is a point in saying that this would make Scheme even more regular).
So, in case some Scheme extends the domain of `raise' in this way,
`maybe-ref' with its default argument will automatically do the right